From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mooney Acclaim, Mooney Ovation 2 GX, Mooney Ovation 3 GX
The Mooney Airplane Company (MAC) is a U.S. manufacturer of single-engined general aviation aircraft. Mooney has been a leader in civil aviation even though the company has gone bankrupt and changed ownership several times. Among their achievements were the first pressurized single-engine piston-powered aircraft (M22 Mustang), production of the fastest civilian single engine prop plane in the world (M20TN Acclaim Type S), the first production aircraft to achieve 201 mph (323 km/h) on 200 hp (320 km/h on 150 kW) (M20J 201) and the fastest transcontinental flight in a single-engine, piston-powered production aircraft (M20K 231). All Mooney aircraft have the signature vertical stabilizer with its vertical leading edge and swept trailing edge that gives the illusion of being forward-swept.
Mooney Aircraft Corporation was started in 1929 by Albert and Arthur Mooney with funding from Bridgeport Machine Company of Wichita, Kansas. Mooney Aircraft went bankrupt in 1930. The Mooney brothers worked for other aircraft companies from then through World War II. In 1946, Albert started Mooney Aircraft, Inc. with Charles “Pappy” Yankey in Kerrville, Texas. The next year Arthur joined the company.
A Mooney M20M “Bravo”
The first aircraft produced by the new Mooney company was the small, single-seat, Mooney Mite M-18. It was designed to appeal to the thousands of fighter pilots leaving military service (some thought the Mooney Mite looked so much like the Messerschmitt Bf 109 that they called it the “Texas Messerschmitt”.
The Mooney Mite established some of the design concepts that are still used by Mooney today. The model Mooney M20 entered production in 1955 and outwardly looked like a scaled-up Mite. Mooney is still producing variants of the M20 today.
In 1953, before funds were put in place for production of the M20, Mooney’s financial backer, Charles Yankey, died of a stroke. In 1955 Albert Mooney sold his stock in the company to Harold Rachal and Norman Hoffman then left the company to work for Lockheed Corporation. Shortly after, Arthur left Mooney to work for Lockheed too.
In 1965 the company became the U.S. distributor for Mitsubishi aircraft and began selling Mooney Mu-2 operating as Mooney-Mitsubishi Aircraft Inc. In 1967 Mooney acquired production rights to the Ercoupe from Alon Aircraft Company and produced a slightly updated version as the Mooney M10 Cadet. The M10 became the final Ercoupe variant, and production ended in 1970.
Mooney went bankrupt again in early 1969 and was sold to American Electronics Labs then to Butler Aviation, which ended operations in 1971. For about three years Mooney failed to produce any aircraft. In 1973 Republic Steel Corporation acquired the rights and tooling for Mooney and resumed production in 1974. The company continued aggressive product development, working on yet another pressurized single-engine aircraft to compete with the Cessna 210. The turboprop Mooney “301” eventually became the TBM700 and is now produced by Socata Aircraft.
In 1984 Mooney merged with the French distribution firm Alexander Couvelaire. In July 2001 Mooney was the victim of yet another bankruptcy and the company was acquired by Advanced Aerodynamics and Structures, Inc. (AASI) in 2002. AASI resurrected Mooney under the name Mooney Aircraft Company, Inc.; a division of Mooney Aerospace Group, Ltd.
In 2004, MASG (AASI) sold off the Mooney assets to Allen Holding Finance in May, and filed for bankruptcy on June 10. In December 2004, MASG restructured and reacquired MAC (Mooney Aircraft Company) back from Allen Holding Finance. AvWeb has the complete story.
In November, 2004, Gretchen Jahn joined Mooney to become the first female CEO of an aircraft manufacturer. She served for about two years as a turnaround specialist. She succeeded in rebuilding Mooney’s sales and dealer network. She also oversaw the development and introduction of the M20TN Acclaim and the new all-glass Garmin G1000-equipped Ovation2 GX and Bravo GX. Mooney now has a waiting list of a few months to accept delivery of a new airplane. In June, 2005, Mooney added a second shift and 50 new workers to boost production.
Mooney M20T Acclaim
On April 4, 2006, Mooney Airplane Company announced the release of their all-new M20TN Acclaim at the 2006 Sun ‘N Fun fly-in at Lakeland, Florida. The M20TN also features the Garmin G1000 Avionics Display Suite, four heated and leather-wrapped captains chairs with lumbar support, a range in excess of 1,650 nm (400 miles greater than the Bravo GX), and a top speed of 242 knots (448 km/h) which is also 30 knots (56 km/h) faster than the Ovation 2. The Acclaim is the fastest single-engine piston-powered production aircraft in the world.
Mooney was a publicly traded company after emerging from bankruptcy under symbol MNYG (OTC BB) until October, 2006 when Mooney Aerospace Group arranged financing to buy out public shareholders.
In the fall 2007 Mooney announced the arrival of its newest model, the M20TN Acclaim Type S. The Acclaim Type S adds 5 knots (9.3 km/h) to the Acclaim’s top speed, up to 242 knots (448 km/h). Mooney achieved this performance gain through aerodynamic tweaks to the Acclaim’s airframe.
2008 Production Halt
On Monday 16 June 2008 Mooney announced that it would lay off 60 employees and cut production from eight aircraft per month to five. Mooney CEO Dennis Ferguson said:
"These decisions will not have an adverse effect on the quality or safety of our products, nor will they delay scheduled aircraft deliveries. They were made to create corporate resiliency in the present economic conditions. Our plans include positioning Mooney as a strong contender in the international market…We are strengthening our business in Europe, South America and Australia, where Mooney’s high performance, efficiency and pricing are especially appealing. Our focus is to ensure the long-term viability of the company through prudent management and expansion of our market reach."
On 5 November 2008 the company announced that it was halting all production and had laid off 229 of its 320 employees, due to an excess unsold inventory of aircraft as a result of the economic crisis. Virtually all the laid-off employees were on the production line. The company said all other operations would continue and that all customer support and existing customer orders would be filled.
In carrying out the lay-offs the company did not comply with the notification requirements of Texas law. In a statement Mooney said:
"These unexpected and unforeseeable conditions are beyond Mooney Airplane Company’s control. It was impossible for Mooney Airplane Company to predict this sudden collapse in demand at the time when notice would have been required."
List of Mooney Aircraft
- Aviation History Online Museum (1996). “Mooney M-18C “Mite”, 1947″. http://www.aviation-history.com/garber/vg-bldg/mooney_M-18C_f.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-06.
- Grady, Mary (June 2008). “Layoffs And Production Slowdown At Mooney”. http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/LayoffsAndProductionSlowdownAtMooney_198126-1.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-19.
- Niles, Russ (November 2008). “Mooney Temporarily Halts Production”. http://www.avweb.com/news/aopa/AOPAExpo2008_MooneyTemporarilyHaltsProduction_199134-1.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-06.
- Pew, Glenn (December 2008). “Piper, Mooney See Cutbacks”. http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/piperjet_mooney_layoffs_employee_199466-1.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-29.