Grade Range: 6-8
Students will have the opportunity to:
- Research and write about the Wright Brothers, major aviation pioneers.
- Make a class presentation about their life and adventures.
National Curriculum Standards:
McRel Standards at, www.mcrel.org/compendium/browse.asp
Language Arts Standards:
- Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the writing process.
- Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written compositions.
- Gathers and uses information for research purposes.
- Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the reading process.
- Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies for reading a variety of informational texts.
- Demonstrates competence in speaking and listening as tools for learning.
- Understands the historical perspective.
- Understands that specific individuals and the values that those individuals held, had an impact on history.
- Analyzes the influence specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history.
- Analyzes the effect that specific "chance events" had on history.
- Analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history.
- Understands that historical accounts are subject to change based on newly uncovered records and interpretations.
- Knows different types of primary and secondary sources and the motives, interests, and bias expressed in them (e.g., eyewitness accounts, letters, diaries, artifacts, photos, magazine articles, newspaper accounts, and hearsay).
- Understands the relationships among science, technology, society, and the individual.
- Knows ways in which technology has influenced the course of history (e.g., revolutions in manufacturing, warfare, agriculture and medicine).
- Knows that technology and science have a reciprocal relationship (e.g., technology drives science, as it provides the means to access outer space and remote locations, collect and treat samples, collect, measure, store, and compute data, and communicate information, that science drives technology, as it provides principles for better instrumentation and techniques, and the means to address questions that demand more sophisticated instruments).
- Knows ways in which technology and society influence one another (e.g., new products and processes for society are developed through technology, that technological changes are often accompanied by social, political, and economic changes, that technology is influenced by social needs, attitudes, values, and limitations, and cultural backgrounds and beliefs).
Tools and Materials:
- Computers with Internet access and printer.
A discussion with students about the aviation pioneer’s, Wilbur and Orville Wright. What makes their accomplishments special? How were they aviation pioneers? Have students brainstorm qualities that make a person an aviation pioneer and write them on the dry-erase board for the class.
Allow for library and computer research time for students to find information about the aviation pioneer. Explain to the students the need to gather more than just factual achievements or actions. Indicate the importance of finding out personal information (if available) about the aviation pioneer. The objective of the lesson is to understand how aviation pioneers are three-dimensional figures and come from backgrounds not far removed or dissimilar from our own. Aviation pioneers are much more than the superficial image that the public has come to know about them.
After students have answered these questions, students should give a 3-5 minute presentation to the class on the aviation pioneer in this lesson plan. Allow time for students to ask follow up questions for each presentation.
Specific questions that students should answer regarding the Wright Brothers.
- What qualities do you feel make these person’s aviation pioneers?
- Describe the moment(s), or events that make them aviation pioneers. What actions did they take in their lifetime as aviation pioneers? What were the risks that they faced?
- Ask students the meaning of the words aviation and pioneer. Solicit examples from students and write their responses on the board.
- Organize a class trip to a local museum to learn more about the Wright Brothers.
- If an aviation museum does not exist in your area, e-mail the closest aviation museum director for information on the Wright Brothers.
- Search for a local historian or area aviator who might offer insight into these aviation pioneers, willing to make a presentation to your class.
- Have students post a review of the aviation pioneer in the school newsletter, web site, or create an aviation-themed web site.